Bicol at a glance
Bicol region or Region V is composed of six provinces namely: Albay, Camarines Sur, Camarines Norte, Catanduanes, Masbate and Sorsogon. It has one chartered city, six component cities, 107 municipalities, 3,471 barangays. Politically the region is subdivided into 16 congressional districts.Legaspi City is designated as the regional center and the gateway city to Bicol because it is strategically located, accessible by land air and sea transportation. Meanwhile, Naga City is Camarines Surs business center and also known as the Heart of Bicol. Sorsogon on the otherhand serves as the gateway between the Visayas and Luzon. Catanduanes and Masbate are two island provinces of the region Catanduanes is noted for its white beaches and resorts while Masbate is known for its mining and cattle industry.
A region rich in history and
natural resources, it is the home to the world famous Mayon Volcano.
The worlds almost perfect cone volcano, whose name is derived
from the Bicol word magayon, meaning beautiful. Region V is also
known for its natural resorts, white beaches, butanding and the
water sports complex. Talk about the place of sili (chili), pili
(pilinut), and the Virgin of Peñafrancia (religious festival),
and you will be directed to the Bicol Region.
Location and Area
The Bicol peninsula is located at the mid-section of the country, situated at the southernmost tip of the Luzon landmass between 11° - 30 to 14° - 20 North latitude and 122° - 20 to 124° - 30 East longitude. Northwest, it is bounded by Quezon province, East by the open seas of the pacific, Southeast by Samar Sea and Southwest by Sibuyan Sea.
The Region has a total land
area of roughly 18,130.4 square kilometers, 6.0 percent of the
countrys total land area. It comprises three major islands
and several islets. Around 68.47% or two thirds of the regions
land area is part of mainland Luzonn while the rest (555,922
hectares is the combined land area of the island provinces of
Masbate and Catanduanes.Camarines Sur has the largest area with
526,682 hectares or 29.87% of the regional area while Catanduanes
has the smallest with 151,151 hectares or 8.57 percent. Prominent
elevations mark its landmass foremost of which is the famous
Mayon Volcano with an elevation of 2,462 meters above sea level.
Other volcanoes and mountains dominating the countryside are
Mt. Malinao (1,548 meters), Mt. Masaraga (337 meters) and Mt.
Catburawan (473 meters) in Albay; Mt. Isarog (1,966 meters) and
Mt. Iriga (1,143 meters) in Camarines Sur and Bulusan Volcano
(1,560 meters) in Sorsogon.
Bicols climate is tropical,
with a normal average year-round temperature of 27.4°C to
29.6°C. Two pronounced seasons dry and wet.The prevailing
types of climate in the region are the second and fourth types.
The second type is characterized by a very pronounced maximum
rainfall (November-January) and no dry season, Catanduanes, Sorsogon,
Eastern Albay and Eastern and Northern Camarines Sur and Camarines
Norte exhibit this weather type.
is predominantly planted in the region. It occupies 447,743 hectares
of the total cultivated area of the region. About 292,671 farmers
are dependent on coconut. The coconut industry contributes 33.4
percent of the regional Growth Domestic Product (GDP).
Grain crops rank second among the agricultural
crops. For 2009, the area harvested to rice is 313,602 hectares.
Of these 206,060 hectares are irrigated and 107,542 are rainfed.
Production of this crop was recorded at 1,045,501 metric tons
of which 739,995 metric tons were produced from irrigated areas
while 305,506 metric tons were produced from rainfed areas. For
the same year, the region obtained an average yield of 3.33 metric
tons per hectare. The province of Camarines Sur has the biggest
rice area with 158,348, hectares. followed by Albay with 48,638
hectares. Masbate ranks third in terms of area devoted to rice
with 39,148 hectares; Sorsogon 33,804 hectares, Camarines Norte
20,671 and Catanduanes 12,993 hectares.
regions total area planted to both yellow and white corn
for 2009 totalled 106, 715 hectares. Yellow corn produced was
recorded at 146,682 metric tons while white corn recorded a total
of 50,292 metric tons or a total of 197,116 metric tons. The
province of Camarines is still the leading producer of corn in
the region followed by Masbate.
Pineapple is another crop Bicol could be proud of. The queen variety of pineapple noted for its sweet , juicy and crispy taste is grown abundantly in the province of Camarines Norte. For 2009, about 3,115 hectares were planted to pineapple with a total production of 109,967 metric tons.
Other high value commercial
crops produced include: banana with 5,676 hectares planted with
recorded yield 73,512.08 metric tons; mango, 409.56 ,and coffee
334.57 metric tons. For vegetables eggplant produced recorded
at 6,833 MT, squash 32,957 MT, tomato 3,542MT, ampalaya 2,945
MT, sitao 11,034 MT, gourd 3,309.01MT, pechay 13,752 MT and okra
Livestock and Poultry
The regions cattle population
in 2009 was recorded at 82,502 head, hogs with 1,477,641 head,
goat 200,469 head and carabaos with 275,144 head. Meanwhile,
the recorded poultry population in 2009 was 12,024,582 head.
Agricultural Input Dealers/Distributors
The Seed Quality Control Services of the DA reported a total of 335 registered inbred palay seed growers in the region for 2009 with a total area of 2,141.5 hectares. The province of Camarines Sur has 146 seed growers covering 1,013 hectares followed by Albay with 61 seed growers covering 416.75 hectares and Sorsogon with 28 seed growers covering 317.3 hectares. Meanwhile, the region also registered 22 corn seed growers covering 92 hectares.
Meanwhile, the Fertilizer and
Pesticide Authority reported a total of 294 fertilizer, pesticide,
household, wood preservatives dealers in the same year. Likewise,
there were 3 registered pesticide distributors, 6 fertilizer
distributors,.Under the product registration there were 6 organic
fertilizer manufacturer registered.
Farm Machineries, Production and Post Harvest Facilities and Irrigation
of 2009, the Department of Agriculture constructed a total of
135 diversion dams and small water impounding projects in the
region, 1,673 units of shallow tube wells and 37 units pump irrigation
systems in open source. Aside from this, postharvest facilities
were distrbuted this include: 1,202 units of multi-purpose drying
pavement; 89 units mini warehouse; 99 corn shellers; 202 units
threshers; 32 recirculating mechanical dryers; 11 outdoor storage;
164 units flatbed dryers. Under its farm mechanization program
DA was able to distribute 308 units hand tractors; 31 floating
tillers; 15 reapers and 18 unit 4WD tractors.
Farmers Rural Women and
Bicol has 94 coastal municipalities with 1,067 coastal barangays. The regions coastline measures 3,116.1 kilometers. It has four major fishing grounds the San Miguel Bay, Ragay Gulf, Lagonoy Gulf and Sorsogon Bay measuring a total of 1,666.28 square kilometers. For commercial fisheries , BFAR has recorded a total of 1,264 licensed fishermen; 139 licensed gears; 250 operators and 389 fishing vessels. Under the municipal fisheries it has recorded 102,058 fishermen; 20,678 motorized banca, 32,045 non-motorized banca. The fishing gears commonly used include: bagnets, purse seine, Danish seine trawl and ring net.
Meanwhile the fisheries production of the region for 2009 BAS data totalled 273,563.45 metric tons or 3.98% change over that of 2008 ; 65,364.23 for commercial fisheries ; 139,165.3 for municipal fisheries and 69,033.88 for aquaculture.