Ever heard of the word Palayamanan?
It is coined from the two words “palay” – Filipino term for rice at any stage prior to husking; and “yaman” – a Filipino term which means wealth. Adding the two words gives us the meaning there is wealth in rice.

Palayamanan is not a new concept of farming. It is an old paradigm and has long been practiced by farmers. Although despite its benefits both to the farmers and the environment it has not been adopted by most farmers because of the popularity of monoculture system (rice-rice). It is a bahay kubo concept today but it is elevated to a higher level of integration. It combines rice with other high-value crops, livestock and fish. Rice is the major component of the system as it is the staple food of the Filipinos and is combined with other crops to increase productivity and income. Adding fishponds, poultry and livestock on their farms does not only increase income but also assure continuous food supply for the farm family.

Palayaman has countless benefits. It brings higher income and economic stability through increased farm productivity and sustainability. Palayamanan also maximizes use of labor and reduces production risks. Furthermore, it also enhances diversity and ecological balance.

In the Bicol region, the Palayaman concept was introduced by the DA-BIARC in Sta. Teresita and Casuray in Canaman, Camarines Sur in 2002.
In Sta. Teresita, Canaman, the farmer-partners who integrated Ratton rice with fish obtained a net income of P6,623.00 and ROI of 82. Those who integrated rice with watermelon and fish got a net income of P37,400.00 and an ROI of 84, while those who integrated rice with vegetables and ducks obtained a net income of P42,700.00 and ROI of 320. Those who integrated rice with fish and vegetables obtained a net income of P12,445.00 and ROI of 116.

In the same year in Casuray, Canaman, the farmer-partners planted rice and vegetables and obtained a net income of P14,176.02 and ROI of 70. The project expanded to adjacent municipality of Calabanga. In Sogod, Calabanga, the farmers planted rice alone and got a net income of 20,343.12 and ROI of 91.
To instill the total commitment approach, participatory technology development was undertaken. To help the farmers attain higher income, amelioration techniques were introduced which include flushing with none saline NIA irrigation water or addition of 2.5 t/ha chicken manure, addition of Phosphogypsum (5t/ha) prior to the first and second harrowing, and development of salt-tolerant varieties such as PSB Rc 88 and PSB Rc 81. The DA also developed direct seeding technology suited for saline ecosystem by coinciding establishment activity with the occurrence of low tide. The farmers also employed the Philrice WDSR technology and LCC-based fertilizer recommendation. In this module, the farmers used 60 kg seeds per hectare.
Initially, the implementors of the Palayamanan were doubtful of the outcome of their project since only few adopted the farming system modules and the farmers were hesitant to adopt the developed technologies.

Luckily, the men in uniforms came into the scene. The DA-BIARC then forged a partnership with the 565 Engineering Combantry Battalion (ECB) based at Camp Martillana, Pili, Camarines Sur and in Lidong, Polangui, Albay. A memorandum of agreement between the DA and 565 ECB was signed on March 2004.
On its part, the DA conducted Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) for soldier –implementers, and and onsite validation and planning. On the otherhand, the armies conducted trainor’s training on PRA and aggressively pursued series of dialogues with barangay officials of communists/terrorists (CT) areas in Polangui to determine the level of acceptance of the project.

The very first model farm in a CT influenced area was established in Lidong, Polangui, Albay. The DA established a varietal demonstration trials using Basmati palay variety and adopted crop diversification. The soldiers in uniform together with the farmers undergo skills enhancement training through the season long Farmers Field School. They learned to practice synchronous planting, rat control and soil fertility assessment. The local government unit assisted in conduct of promotional campaigns and in the conduct of technology trainings.

Initially, the implementors of the Palayamanan were doubtful of the outcome of their project since only few adopted the farming system modules and the farmers were hesitant to adopt the developed technologies.

Luckily, the men in uniforms came into the scene. The DA-BIARC then forged a partnership with the 565 Engineering Combantry Battalion (ECB) based at Camp Martillana, Pili, Camarines Sur and in Lidong, Polangui, Albay. A memorandum of agreement between the DA and 565 ECB was signed on March 2004.
On its part, the DA conducted Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) for soldier –implementers, and and onsite validation and planning. On the otherhand, the armies conducted trainor’s training on PRA and aggressively pursued series of dialogues with barangay officials of communists/terrorists (CT) areas in Polangui to determine the level of acceptance of the project.

The very first model farm in a CT influenced area was established in Lidong, Polangui, Albay. The DA established a varietal demonstration trials using Basmati palay variety and adopted crop diversification. The soldiers in uniform together with the farmers undergo skills enhancement training through the season long Farmers Field School. They learned to practice synchronous planting, rat control and soil fertility assessment. The local government unit assisted in conduct of promotional campaigns and in the conduct of technology trainings.

Before, rice yield in Lidong, Polangui, Albay was only 3.5 tons per hectare. Now, farmers are able to produce as high as 6.0 to 7.0 tons per hectare. The Basmati rice sold as milled at a price of P1,500.00/50 kg. has a very high demand in the local market. Barangay Lidong is now popular as the source of Basmati rice. The so called “barter system” for seeds was also eradicated. The average recorded net income was P65,000.00.


A housewife tends to her vegetable garden.


The 565 ECB now takes the lead in coordination with other agencies like DAR, DENR and LGUs in implementing various projects like reforestation, development of water system and construction of PGMA school buildings, facilities, assistance to women’s group of Lidong through swine production, construction of palay-aralan shelter, identification of farmer leaders as focal person and facilitation of site visit of other various groups.


Hog dispersal is one of the projects under Palayamanan


Meanwhile, the station-based Palayamanan in the Bicol Experiment Station (BEST) in DA compound San Agustin, Pili, integrated rice with livestock, vegetable and fish. From this module, the station generated P26,400 from the sales of palay harvested in 2 hectare area in the wet season of 2006. The station also maintained 14 heads of upgraded goats, procured Anglo Nubian and Boer stocks, produced 2 F1 Boer offsprings. It also maintained 100 heads of ducks and generated P27,000.00 from sale of duck eggs alone. The aquaculture project on the otherhand has 15,000 fingerlings on its current stock.

Through the GMA Rice Program the palayamanan in the BEST was able to establish a rice techno demo project where varietal performance of different inbreed and hybrid varieties of rice are being studied. This is also where the fertilizer trials, parachute planting techniques and Bio-N and Vital N application are being demonstrated to various clienteles. Under the varietal performance, Mestizo-1 and PSB Rc 18 obtained the highest yields of more than 5.0 tons/ha.; yield of hybrid ranged from 2 to 5.0 tons/ha.; inbreed yield ranges from 2.8 – 5.0 tons/ha.; SL8, Bigante and LP345 (hybrid) and NSIC 130 (inbreed) were susceptible to Tungro Virus.

In Gubat, Sorsogon, 19 farmer-partners adopted the farming system module Rice + Vegetable + Livestock/Poultry. Farmers who integrated rice with vegetables and swine obtained a net income of P34,015.00 and ROI of 220. While an integration of rice, vegetable, ducks and swine gave some farmers a net income of P27,170.00 and ROI of 77. Others obtained as high as P96,100.00 and ROI of 167 after


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Source:
UMAsenso
Official publication of the Department of Agriculture RFU 5
October - December 2006
Vol. 15 No. 4