Composition and Nutritional Value


Banana has a great nutritional significance. The fruit is composed mainly of water as well as carbohydrates which provides energy in the human body. The unripe fruit contains more starch and less sugar as compared to the ripe fruits; its edible portion, which easily digestible, is about 7%.
Banana contains eleven vitamins, among them are vitamins A, B, and C. Although fat and protein contents are very low, bananas are rich in some minerals, notably phosphorus which is essential for bone development, and calcium. Calorific value is 1 calorie per gram. Chemical composition varies among the different cultivars (Table 1).