Pests and Diseases
||Reddish color of the leaves,
wilting, drying of the affected portions of the leaves, discoloring
of the leaves, stunted growth, poor root development
||Use of mealybug-free planting
materials, spraying of 1-1.4 milliliter of Diazinin per liter
of water. Eliminate the ants that serve as carrier of the disease.
|Rotting of the stems, wilting
and eventually dying of the plant.
||Avoid causing damage or cuts to the plant which
allow the fungus to penetrate into the plant.
|Fruit Core Rot
|Green and small sizes of fruits.
Affected fruits have brown and sunken eyes. If cut, affected
parts are blackish in color, with hard texture, watery and rotting.
| Avoid excessive application
of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium.
Control mealy bug infestation
Avoid removing the crown during rainy season.
| Heart Rot
(Phytoptora parasitica p. cinnamomi)
Yellowing or reddening of the center portion
of the leaves.
Wilting of the edge of the leaves.
The base of the leaves become yellowish to
faded white, soft and watery with brown coloring at the sides
of the affected parts. The affected leaves can be easily detached
from the plant.
With foul odor.
Elevate the area up to 25 cm. in case of the
prevalence of disease. Practice mulching.
Plant during the dry season.
Soak the planting materials for a number of
minutes in 8 to 10 grams per liter of Difoltan- water solution
or 2.5 grams per liter of aliette-water solution.
||Damaged plants (fruits, young
leaves and core of the plants are missing)
||Use of rat poison (e.g. Racumin)
which can be mixed with rice and placed in coconut husk or bamboo
Always keep the plantation area clean.