Pili (Canarium ovatum Engl.) is a promising crop of Bicol which has a great potential for development as a major export crop. It has a wide adaptation to varying agro-climatic conditions. It can be grown alone or intercropped with other crops. Like the coconut, Pili is a tree of life, with all its parts being useful. It thrives satisfactorily in maginal soil conditions, harsh tropical climates and in low as well as high elevation. It is resistant to typhoons and most pests. The tree reaches a height of about 20 to 25 meters and a diameter of about a meter or two.

Uses of Pili
(Canarium ovatum Engl.)


-when roasted and ground, it is used as ingredients for ice cream, salads, puddings, toppings for cakes, bread, pastries, confectioneries and other delicacies like marzipan, fruit-cereal bar, fruit and nut mix, chocolate -making; can be eaten raw or processed as roasted, fixated or sugar-coated and is served in the same way as cashew or almond, or peanuts.

-as oil (manufacture of sardines, salad dressings, cakes and food preparations, as well as soaps, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics);


-vegetable dishes, pickle, oil (for cooking and lighting), feeds for cattle and swine

-as crafts, charcoal, firewood and combining medium for growing orchids and anthuriums; oil tests as combining material with compost and for dyes;

Trunks and branches
-trunk produces a resinous substance commercially known as "Manila elemi", a valuable material in the preparation of varnishes and lacquers.
- A volatile oil extracted from the trunk is used for numerous purposes and can be a substitute for turpentine.
- the wood is charcterized by fine straited grains making it very ideal for the manufacture of high quality furniture, wood panels, carved doors and other wooden products.
-resin-rich wood makes an excellent firewood
-the tree sap is an abundant source of natural resins, essential oils, and possibly, insect repellant.

-as salads and relishes;

-Described as "majestic tree" makes it an ideal tree for lining avenues, border or lawn tree, developing parks, subdivisions and golf courses. It is an evergreen tree with evenly spreading leaves making it an excellent shade tree and windbreaker because it does not shed its leaves, shade for other crops such as abaca, coffee, cacao, bananas, papayas; agroforestry; its undegrowth is clean and shady year round

Nutritional Composition in 100g edible portion
Food Composition Table, FNRI-DOST, 1990

 Composition (Raw Pili)  Amount (g)  Micronutrients  Amount (mg)
 Water  8.0  Calcium  135.0
 Protein  14.2  Iron  2.6
 Fat  68.5  Magnesium  606.0
 Ash  2.9  Phosphorus  520.0
 Dietary Fiber  3.2  Potassium  489.0
 Carbohydrates  3.2  Sodium  3.0
 Beta Carotene  25.0  Zinc  11.17
     Copper  7.11
     Thiamin  0.95
     Riboflavin  12.0
     Niacin  0.40
     Ascorbic Acid  29.0

A kilogram of pili nut has about 700 grams of oil, which by proportion , is 70%. The pili kernel oil has almost the same fatty acids as that of olive oil, and at the same time, that of cocoa butter.

In terms of energy, 100 grams of the kernel provides 636 kilo calories, enough to sustain the daily energy requirement of an individual. It is rich in vegetable fat, protein and contain significant amounts of minerals such as magnesium, phosphorus and potassium.