Winning edge in swine raising
ten years ago was quite different from how it is today. Much
has changed especially on the technologies practiced the breeds
and even the raisers perception. This was observed by couple
Rafael and Mergie Moraleda of Daet, Camarines Norte one of the
regions A1 swine raiser. They started with 2 heads in 1990
and saw the potential of swine raising.
They were both livestock inspectors of the Department of Agriculture
in Camarines Norte until the devolution of employees took effect
with the implementation of the Local Government Code or RA 7160
The turn of events challenged them to leave the government service
and venture into livestock production business. In 1994, they
expanded to 50-sow level after obtaining a production loan from
Land Bank of the Philippines. After a year, they were able to
pay the bank and expanded their agribusiness to 100 sow-level.
Today, the farm has further expanded into a 150 sow-level out
of their 10.5 million loan from the Agriculture Comprehensive
Enhancement Fund or ACEF.
The husband and wife team was determined to keep the business
afloat. They look for technologies that would fit their budget
and at the same time suitable to the place.
Their farm is located in a 3.5-hectare lot located at Calasgasan,
Daet, Camarines Norte. They now have 8 housing units, feed mixer,
feed mill, and a new breeder house. They also installed farrowing
stalls and provided adequate space and ventilation for growing-finishing
In preparing the lay-out and design of the farm Rafael or Raffy
considered distances of adjacent buildings to facilitate transferring
of pigs from one building to another.
One of the important factors to consider in swine production
is the availability of feeds. But for the Moraleda couple feeds
were never a problem because the farm mixes its own feeds. Sometimes
they source out feeds from their family-owned RNM Poultry and
Agricultural supply. Raffy maintains a regular feeding schedule,
which is 7am and 3 pm.
Water on the other hand is sufficient as they have deep well
for drinking and cleaning.
Manures are collected dried and mixed with carbonized rice hull
and later made into organic fertilizer. Since hog manure abound
in their farm they use these as organic fertilizer. Raffy disclosed
that odor and flies are controlled in the farm because of the
effective microorganism or EM. He regularly sprays the surrounding
and also the manure to eliminate odor.
According to Raffy, sanitation is a must to prevent swine diseases.
He conducts regular vaccination for the herd and keeps records
of his vaccination program and reproductive performance.
He also upgrades his stocks to ensure quality piglets and animals.
Raffy believes in quality so he also promotes and practices quality
control. The Moraleda farms produce weanlings, fatteners and
breeders. Weanlings are sold to Local Government Units with programs
on livestock restocking and to interested animal raisers. They
also raise fatteners for slaughter.
Marketing is important, Moraleda farm has a contract with Lehman
one of the biggest meat shop in Naga and Daet to supply 75 heads
of fatteners every month. Aside from this, they also have their
own meat shops one is located in Pasig, Daet, Camarines Norte
in front of the elementary school and another one located at
Mergie is in charge of the financial management of the business.
According to her their daily income from the meat shop ranges
from P15,000 to P20,000 daily.
Out of their income from the piggery they were able to buy two
(2) units delivery trucks and two cars. They also opened an agricultural
supply store, a sari-sari store, an apartelle with 15 bedrooms
and a function room that could accommodate 100 guests. They were
able to send their children to school and two of them already
finished college and post graduate courses.
Raffy declared that it is important to be updated with new technologies
when you venture into this kind of business.
Moreover, the couple is active
in civic organizations like the Rotary Club. They were recipients
of leadership and achievement awards and citations. Raffy is
past president of the Rotary Club of Daet North and Mergie is
currently the Vice president of Red Cross Daet Camarines Norte
A plus factor for the couple is their business acumen and knowledge
on livestock raising as they are both agriculture graduates major
in animal husbandry.
Raffy and Mergie attributed their success to sheer determination
and hardwork. They make sure that they maintain quality produce
because they believe that once you hit the market and quality
is maintained the business will flourish.