January 29, 2014
The Department of Agriculture together with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) of Japan, conducted the Regional Institutional Analysis Workshop on Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) into Agriculture and Related Sectors under the AMICAF project. Some thirty agriculture technicians, municipal agriculturists and provincial agriculturists attended said workshop at Villa Caceres Hotel in Naga City recently.
Dr. Roberto C. Sandoval Jr., the climate change specialist, discussed the AMICAF project overview. The project aims to assist developing countries to address climate change assessment and adaptation to improve food security through a comprehensive framework and to enhance climate change impact assessment, food security vulnerability analysis and livelihood adaptation approaches.
There are four steps under the AMICAF framework: Step 1 involves the generation of downscaled climate change scenarios and assessment of the impacts of climate change on agriculture using the Modeling System for Agricultural Impacts of Climate Change or MOSAICC, including the variations in crop yields and their effects on national economies.
It has four components namely: climate component which facilitates the preparation of statistically downscaled climate data; the hydrology component estimates water resources under future climate conditions; the crops component simulates crop yields under future climate change and technological progress scenarios and the economy component using the provincial agricultural market to evaluate economic impact of future crop yields and water resources projections. Step 2 on the otherhand, covers the assessment of current and future household vulnerability to food insecurity as a result of climate change through the development of an analytical econometrics model using best available national household data sets. Step 3 involves a community-based approach to identify, test and evaluate adaptation options that increase the ability of vulnerable groups to deal with the impact of climate change on food security, and step 4 is geared towards enhanced awareness on impacts and vulnerability and improved institutional mechanisms to conduct/use assessments.
The group had a workshop on the take off points in DRR and CCA in their respective agencies, province and municipalities, including the challenges and hindering factors in the implementation of the projects and activities. They also identified the facilitating and enabling factors of the projects and considered financing in terms of mainstreaming DRR and CCA. Climate projections were also considered and use of vulnerability assessments were taken into consideration.
Dr. Eulito Bautista the national project manager of AMICAF presented the local climate information center reference manual and climate resiliency field school manual which are very important for agriculture technicians. He added that they produced a flipchart on CRFFS which can be used by technicians and subject matter specialists but it has to be translated into local dialect. He also presented the result of the trial on Green Super Rice in the different regions of the country. (mabelle-roa-ilan)