BICOL REGION AGRICULTURAL COMMODITY SITUATIONER (2016)

RICE

The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) forecasted the 2016 annual production of Bicol Region to be at 877,122.43 MT, making the Bicol region the 4th largest producer of palay in the Philippines.

In the past years (2011-2015), palay production registered an average growth rate of 4.3% which corresponds to 18% increase in production volume (1,070,917 MT in 2011 to 1,264,448 MT in 2015). Consequently, rice sufficiency was sustained with an impressive increase from 106% (2011) to 115% (2015) despite the dip in area harvested.

For 2015, the production growth was limited due to a decrease in the productivity level from 3.82 MT/ha to 3.69 MT/ha (3.24%). However, the region still maintained its status as the 6th largest producer of palay in the Philippines.

For the first quarter of 2016, palay production posted 1.94% increase compared to the same period in 2015. This was due to the positive growth in production (17%), area harvested (10%) and average yield (7%) of Camarines Sur despite the occurrence of El Nino.

CORN

The corn production in the Bicol region increased by about 3.5% annually for the last 5 years from CY 2010-2014 which can be attributed to increase in production, area harvested and average yield per hectare.

However, in 2015, the performance declined by 14.61% (243,908 MT) in production with a difference of about 41,739 metric tons (as compared to CY 2014) while 9.31% or 10.571 hectares reduction in area harvested. The decline was due to natural calamities (typhoons Amang and Nona and drought).

Bicol contributed around 3.24% to national production in 2015 equivalent to 243,908 MT harvested from a total of 103,025 hectares.

Area Planted to Corn:

Albay – 8,618 hectares (yellow corn)
Camarines Norte – 700 hectares (yellow corn)
Camarines Sur – 21,882.5 hectares (yellow corn)
Masbate – 7,586 hectares (white corn)

HIGH VALUE CROPS

PILI

  •    In 2015, volume of production reached 6,258.37 MT, 1.2% higher than 2014 production harvested from 1,910 hectares (PSA, 2015).
  • Sorsogon province recorded the largest share with 1,373 hectares or around 72% of the total area harvested with Pili (PSA, 2015).
  • The DA region 5 distributed a total of 562,809 pili seedlings and planted to 4,502 hectares regionwide. As of 2015, there are 162 pili processors (70 in Cam. Sur, 30 in Albay, and 36 in Sorsogon). Two are exporting processed pili to Macau.

PINEAPPLE

                Volume of production in 2015 is 130,594 MT harvested from 3,079 hectares. Production was 5.5% higher than 2014’s 123,411 MT (PSA, 2015). Camarines Norte recorded the largest area harvested with 2,528 hectares or 82% share.

                Queen Pineapple (Formosa) – This variety comprised about 99% of the total pineapple planted in Camarines Norte by about 3,000 farmers. There are more than 9,000 hectares available area in the province for expansion.

                The Labo Progressive Multi-purpose Cooperative (LPMPC) in Labo, Camarines Norte is engaged in production of pineapple juice and high-quality pineapple fiber used in silky fabrics of the Barong Tagalog which are sold to local markets and retailers in other provinces and cities, including Metro Manila. The coop also produces pineapple wine, vinegar, fried pineapple, pie tart, empanaditas, jam and jelly.

CACAO

  • Volume of production in 2015 reached 35.76 MT harvested from 272 hectares. Production was 2.8% higher than 2014’s 34.76 MT (PSA, 2015).
     
  • Sorsogon province recorded the largest share in terms of production area with 132 hectares or around 49% (PSA,2015).
  • Average yield for the region is around 0.65 kg per tree which is relatively lower than the national average of 1.34 kg. tree.     

GABI (TARO)

  •  Volume of production in 2015 is 10.80 MT harvested from 1,322 hectares. Production was 2.48% higher than 2014’s 10,539 MT (PSA, 2015). Albay province recorded the largest share in production area with 665 hectares or around 50% of the total area (1,322 hectares) harvested with Gabi (PSA, 2015). Main by-products of Gabi are dried Laing in Camarines Sur and pinangat in Albay.
  •    Monthly requirement of dried laing of Bicol’s Best, a processor and trader of laing products, is 7,000 kg per month priced at P130.00 per kg., however, the suppliers of Bicol’s Best can only deliver 2,000 kg. per month.

LIVESTOCK

  • Production performance of all livestock and poultry animals showed positive growth rates compared to 2014 performance. These are goats (8.35% growth rate), ducks (7.90%), cattle (6.93%), chicken (5.58%), carabao (3.75%) and hog (0.63%)
  • Bicol maintained its Foot-and-Mouth (FMD) free status for almost a decade now, as well as its Avian or Bird Flu free status
  PROVINCE PRODUCTION (Heads) 2015
POULTRY BICOL 10,255,497
  Albay 2,034,239
  Cam. Norte 544,802
  Cam. Sur 5,792,857
  Catanduanes 86,102
  Masbate 917,900
  Sorsogon 879,597
CHICKEN BICOL 9,842,730
   Albay 1,861,470 
  Cam. Norte 497,668
  Cam. Sur 5,660,294
  Catanduanes 83,585
  Masbate 909,152
  Sorsogon 830,561
 DUCKS  BICOL 412,767 
   Albay 172,769 
   Cam. Norte 47,134 
   Cam. Sur 132,563 
  Catanduanes 2,517
  Masbate 8,748
  Sorsogon 49,036
     
LIVESTOCK BICOL 1,410,295
  Albay 284,610
   Cam. Norte 190,812
  Cam. Sur 443,776
  Catanduanes 95,101
  Masbate 255,672
  Sorsogon 140,324
CARABAO BICOL 281,115
  Albay 69,964
  Cam. Norte 41,340
  Cam. Sur 65,089
  Catanduanes 7,285
  Masbate 64,086
  Sorsogon 33,35
CATTLE BICOL 103,334
  Albay 6,379
  Cam. Norte 5,861
  Cam. Sur 23,858
  Catanduanes 1,312
  Masbate 49,845
  Sorsogon 16,079
GOAT BICOL 143,476
  Albay 34,560
  Cam. Norte 7,653
  Cam. Sur 44,004
  Catanduanes 1,925
  Masbate 48,931
  Sorsogon 6,403
HOG BICOL 882,370
  Albay 173,707
  Cam. Norte 135,958
  Cam. Sur 310,825
  Catanduanes 84,579
  Masbate 92,810
  Sorsogon 84,491

ORGANIC AGRICULTURE

Organic agriculture is now gaining ground in Bicol as more farmers are adopting and appreciating the benefit of organic farming. A total of 49 techno demo and training farms are now in full operation regionwide (24.82%) of the targeted 44,600 hectares or 5% of total agricultural area of 892,000 hectares).