DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RFO 5
Highlights of Accomplishment CY 2013
For CY 2013, the Department of Agriculture, Regional Office V (DA-RO5) increased production of rice to a record high of 5.96% growth rate and attained 118.19% self sufficiency level. This significant increase is attributable to the aggressive implementation of Rice Self-Sufficiency Program and the timely and strategic putting in place of all the program components and interventions.
Postharvest losses and labor costs were reduced by at least 8-10% as a result of DA- RFO V’s intensified implementation of farm mechanization program and provision of infrastructure and postharvest facilities to farmer organizations(FOs) capable of managing these facilities as service providers.
The extensive and intensified extension support such as trainings, education, advocacy and information campaign especially the NYR advocacy and info campaign resulted to heightened awareness on the FSSP Program, deepened participation and involvement of the farmers, consumers ,policy makers (including LGUs), SCUs and people’s organization and other agri- stakeholders in the region in the over-all goal of attaining self sufficiency by doing their part or being “RiceResponsible”.
Per capita consumption of rice in Bicol has declined last year to 110.71 kilos per person from 119 kilos/person in 2012.
Average corn yield increased to 2.36 MT/ha over the previous year’s 2.04 MT/ha or 15.41% yield increase. Bicol region’s total corn production for 2013 reached 258,115 MT. Prevailing price of yellow corn ranged from PhP 12.50-13.00/kilo and stabilized at a price favorable for both the buyer and the farmer.
The full operation of the state-of-the art corn grain center in Caraycayon,Tigaon, Camarines Sur was a big boost to the corn industry. AMAD linked 8 major corn producers to this facility as well as 6 feed millers from Naga City to the corn producers of Tigaon.
HIGH VALUE CROPS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
Under this program a total of 5,931 farmer beneficiaries and 569 LGUs/groups were provided with vegetable seeds and planting materials, production and postharvest processing facilities/machinery/equipment, small scale irrigation systems and extension support and training services.
A total of 4,800 public elementary and high schools were covered under the Gulayansa Paaralan Project in line with the government’s Hunger Mitigation Program for provinces with high incidence of hunger and malnutrition. Each school was provided with assorted vegetable seeds, garden tools and trainings.
Camarines Norte and Masbate were among the priority provinces. But by last year Cam. Norte was already removed from the list and Masbate showed decrease in hunger incidence.
Bicol region has maintained its FMD-free status. Collaboration between DA-RFO V and the Phil. Carabao Center resulted in an intensified Artificial Insemination program which resulted to production of better breeds of carabao which grow faster by 70-100%; produce more milk by 200-300% and are more resistant to diseases than the native carabao. Likewise, there is a notable increase in carabao production by 2.37% (from -3.25% to 0.88).
ORGANIC AGRICULTURE PROGRAM
An increased awareness and appreciation of Organic Agriculture was noted in the region as evident in the increased number of conventional farmers signifying their intent to convert to organic farming, A total of 100 farmers recipients with 70 hectares production areas started the conversion phase. Ten farmer organizations availed of the 10 sets of composting facilities.
The LGU of Goa, Camarines Sur was recognized and awarded as national outstanding municipal LGU implementing the Organic Agriculture Program, and its organic agriculture focal person Arlene Dayo was likewise awarded as outstanding technician.
DISASTER RISK REDUCTION/CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION INITIATIVES
Capacities and tools for better planning and implementation of DRR in Agriculture have been developed via a special FAO-funded project, the “Analysis and Mapping of Impacts Under Climate Change for Adaptation and Food Security (AMICAF) implemented in the region. Likewise, good practice options for disaster risk reduction and management in different ecosystems were disseminated and replicated. Also, Climate information products like a quarterly weather outlook for agriculture, and flip charts as training tools to reinforce learning via the Climate-Smart Farmers Field Schools conducted under AMICAF were developed for reproduction and distribution.
Moreover, post-disaster needs assessment (PDNA) methodology for agriculture and web-based application software were developed for use at LGU level.
Adaptability Trials on Green Super Rice developed by IRRI were also conducted in 3 pilot rice areas in Bicol frequently affected by three adverse agro-ecosystem conditions namely flooding, drought and saline intrusion. GSR 2 was found to be most adaptable inrainfed lowland and upland, while GSR11 in saline and submerged areas and GSR5A has very high adaptability characteristics. The multi-trait “GSR 5A” line is also recommended for its high yield under these three types of vulnerable environments. Farmer Edgar Serrano of Bgy.Igbac, Buhi who planted this variety attained an average yield of 4.1mt/ha comparable to hybrids and NSIC released varieties despite the drought and upland condition of his farm.
MARKET INFUSION for PRICE STABILIZATION EFFORTS IN TACLOBAN
DA- Bicol through the Agribusiness and Marketing Assistance Division acted with dispatch to help in augmenting the supply of agri-fishery commodities and wage goods immediately after Typhoon Yolanda by sending agri-fishery goods with an approximate consolidated value of PhP400,000.00. Three strategies were proven effective in coping with such an urgent and exigent situation: a) the effective mobilization of Barangay Food Terminals as sources of agri-fishery commodities; b) forging of efficient linkage with NABCOR and people’s organization in Region 8 for the distribution and sale of delivered goods; and c) immediate deployment and management of resources at hand to effect timely sourcing and distribution of said commodities. These market infusion efforts strengthened DA-RFO 5’s resolve to put in place a more resilient and diversified supply chain to insulate sudden shortages of food resources and counteract price hikes during unforeseen incidents and rely on same agri-food supply chain within a specific area of concern.
The region also participated in and facilitated the participation of private entrepreneurs in international fairs promoting local products like pili, queen pineapple, and cocoa or tablea.
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
The Project “Lowland Irrigated Good Practice Options for Disaster Risk Reduction/Climate Change Adaptation in Bicol (GPOs for Rice Farming) was conducted to identify and evaluate good practice optionsin lowland irrigated and agro-ecological zones in Albay, Camarines Sur and Sorsogon provinces. Twenty (20) good practice adaptation options were field tested . Using FAOs Livelihood Adaptation for climate change criteria , five (5) potential good practice were extracted, prioritized and evaluated against hazards and vulnerabilities identified in the selected pilot sites. Parameters set were crop yield, period of maturation, and acceptability to farmers. The adaptation options tested were: use of stress tolerant and early maturing rice varieties, timing of planting and rice rationing, and the integration of ducks in rice farm systems.
The study found that these were more efficient adaptation and risk reduction options than existing farmers’ practices through reduction of postharvest losses and increase in yield. The study concluded that the use of early maturing , salt tolerant and submergence rice varieties and integration of ducks in rice farming are good adaptation options for DRR/CCA applicable for lowland irrigated areas against typhoons, saline intrusion and flooding in Bicol.
AKBay- Agrikultura Kaagapay ng Bayang Pinoy program
AKBay in Bicol region covered a total of 440 household recipients per province or a total of 2, 640 individuals. The sum of P27,530,000.00 was released for income generating projects benefitting 2,753 farming and fishing households in 34 municipalities belonging to 4th, 5th, and 6th class. A total of 2, 589 projects worth P25.9M were financed under the fresh funds while 164 projects worth P1.6M were funded under the roll-over scheme where loan repayments of previously funded projects were used to finance next-in-line projects.
The region has accomplished 100 and 96 percent of its 1,254 and 1,386 target projects under the 1st and 2nd tranche respectively. It has collected a total of Ps 5,374,201.50 from the six provinces with a repayment rate of 43% higher than the national rate of 35.59%. Today, the project has provided additional income to the recipient household and made a difference in the lives of the poor farming and fishing households in the region.
GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT
The agency has been pro-active in the implementation of GAD in the region. With a 6.4% increase in the budget allocation amounting to Ps 46,495,300.00 from the regular and national programs. Thirty six (36) livelihood skills training were conducted with 1,159 participants 85% of which were women and 32 of them participated in market matching for their produce. Moreover, 87 women leaders attended entrepreneurial and capability trainings.
For the FFS conducted in the region 3,962 or 47% were for women.
Ten (10) farmers’ organizations and RICs were provided with pili shell craft equipment and 5 RICs were provided with cassava graters. Other equipment provided for use in the livelihood activities of the women were: banana chipper, ginger extractor and vermin composting facility.
Two rural women farmer leaders being assisted under GAD actually practicing and actively advocating organic agriculture gained international and national recognition. Myrna C. Asor of Bgy.Digdigon, Goa, Camarines Sur was awarded by FAO Asia- Pacific Region as one of the Model Farmers in ceremonies held in Bangkok, Thailand during the World Food day on October 16, 2013. AdeliaMagsino also of Goa, Camarines Sur, was 1st runner was Outstanding Rural Woman for 2013 and her family who are also into organic agriculture, was awarded by the Junior Jaycees (JCI) as one of the Outstanding Farmer of the Philippines (TOFARM) under the outstanding farm family category with a cash prize P100,000.
PEST MANAGEMENT UNDER CHANGING CLIMATE CONDITIONS
DA Bicol through the Regional Crop Protection Center is devising a system for predicting pest occurrences in the agricultural systems, including the densities of pests, to be able to manage the cropping system or “agro-systems” to prevent pest outbreak and reduce economic loss. In addition, mitigating and adaptive Integrated Pest management (IPM) measures are likely to be identified not only for rice but also for important crops in the region.
Presently, Bantay-Peste Brigade composed of 10-15 farmers is being organized . Farmer members of this brigade serve as pest scouts in their own farms and act as first in-line data source for pest outbreak reporting. Only through close monitoring and surveillance can the increase in pest population be known, and even predicted and subsequently be addressed
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