DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RFO 5

Highlights of Accomplishment CY 2013

 

RICE

For CY 2013, the Department of Agriculture, Regional Office V (DA-RO5)  increased production of rice to a record high of 5.96% growth rate and attained  118.19% self sufficiency level.  This significant increase is attributable to the aggressive  implementation of Rice Self-Sufficiency Program and the timely and strategic  putting in place of all the program components and interventions.  

Postharvest losses and  labor costs   were reduced by at least  8-10% as a result of  DA- RFO V’s  intensified implementation of  farm mechanization program  and provision  of infrastructure and postharvest facilities to farmer organizations(FOs) capable of  managing these facilities as service providers.

The extensive  and  intensified extension support  such as trainings, education, advocacy and information campaign especially  the NYR  advocacy  and info campaign  resulted to heightened awareness on the FSSP Program, deepened participation and involvement  of the  farmers, consumers ,policy makers (including LGUs), SCUs and people’s organization  and other  agri- stakeholders in the region  in the over-all goal of attaining self sufficiency by doing their part or being “RiceResponsible”.

Per capita consumption  of rice in Bicol has declined  last year to 110.71 kilos per person from 119 kilos/person  in 2012.

 

CORN

          Average corn yield increased to  2.36 MT/ha over the previous year’s  2.04 MT/ha or  15.41% yield increase.  Bicol region’s  total corn production  for 2013 reached  258,115 MT.  Prevailing price of yellow corn ranged from PhP 12.50-13.00/kilo and stabilized at a price  favorable for both the buyer and the farmer. 

          The full operation  of the  state-of-the art corn grain center  in Caraycayon,Tigaon, Camarines Sur was a big boost to the corn industry.  AMAD   linked 8 major  corn producers to this facility as well as 6 feed millers from Naga City to the  corn producers of Tigaon.

 

HIGH VALUE CROPS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM

           Under this program a total of 5,931 farmer beneficiaries and 569 LGUs/groups were provided with vegetable seeds and planting materials, production and postharvest processing facilities/machinery/equipment, small scale irrigation systems and extension support and training services.

          A total of  4,800 public elementary  and high schools were covered under the Gulayansa  Paaralan Project in line with  the government’s Hunger Mitigation Program for provinces with high incidence of hunger and malnutrition.  Each school was  provided with assorted vegetable seeds, garden tools  and  trainings.

          Camarines Norte and Masbate were  among the priority provinces.  But by last year Cam. Norte  was already removed from the list and Masbate  showed decrease  in hunger incidence.

 

 LIVESTOCK

          Bicol region has maintained  its FMD-free status.  Collaboration between DA-RFO V and the Phil. Carabao Center resulted in an intensified Artificial Insemination  program which resulted to production of  better breeds of carabao which grow faster  by 70-100%;  produce more milk  by 200-300% and are more resistant  to diseases than the native carabao.    Likewise, there is a notable increase   in carabao production by 2.37% (from -3.25% to 0.88).

 

ORGANIC AGRICULTURE PROGRAM

          An increased  awareness  and  appreciation of Organic Agriculture was noted in the region as evident  in the increased number of  conventional farmers signifying their intent to convert to organic farming,  A total of 100 farmers  recipients with 70 hectares  production areas  started  the conversion phase.  Ten  farmer organizations  availed of the  10 sets of composting facilities. 

          The LGU of Goa, Camarines Sur  was recognized and awarded as national outstanding municipal LGU  implementing the Organic  Agriculture Program, and its organic agriculture focal person Arlene  Dayo was likewise awarded as outstanding technician.

         

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION/CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION  INITIATIVES

           Capacities and tools for better planning and implementation of DRR in Agriculture  have been developed via a special  FAO-funded project,  the “Analysis and Mapping  of Impacts  Under Climate Change  for Adaptation and Food  Security  (AMICAF) implemented in the  region.  Likewise, good practice options  for disaster risk reduction and management in different ecosystems were disseminated and replicated. Also, Climate information products like a quarterly  weather outlook   for agriculture, and flip charts as training tools  to reinforce learning via  the  Climate-Smart  Farmers Field Schools conducted  under AMICAF were developed for reproduction and distribution. 

          Moreover,  post-disaster needs assessment (PDNA) methodology for agriculture and web-based application software were developed for use at LGU level.

          Adaptability Trials  on Green Super Rice developed by IRRI   were also conducted in 3 pilot rice areas in  Bicol frequently affected by three adverse agro-ecosystem conditions namely flooding, drought and saline intrusion.  GSR 2 was found to be most adaptable  inrainfed lowland  and upland, while GSR11 in saline and submerged areas and GSR5A has very high adaptability  characteristics.  The multi-trait  “GSR 5A” line is also recommended for its high yield under these three types of vulnerable environments.  Farmer Edgar Serrano of Bgy.Igbac, Buhi  who planted this variety attained an average yield  of  4.1mt/ha comparable to hybrids and NSIC released varieties despite the drought and upland condition of his farm.

 

MARKET INFUSION for PRICE STABILIZATION EFFORTS IN TACLOBAN

           DA- Bicol through the Agribusiness and Marketing Assistance Division acted with dispatch  to help in augmenting  the supply of agri-fishery commodities and wage goods immediately after Typhoon Yolanda by sending agri-fishery goods  with an approximate consolidated value of PhP400,000.00.  Three strategies  were proven  effective in coping with  such an urgent and exigent situation: a) the effective mobilization of Barangay Food Terminals as sources of agri-fishery  commodities; b)  forging of efficient linkage with NABCOR        and people’s organization  in Region 8 for the distribution and sale of delivered goods; and  c)  immediate deployment and management of resources at hand to effect  timely sourcing  and distribution of said commodities.    These market infusion efforts strengthened  DA-RFO 5’s resolve to put in place a more resilient and diversified supply chain to insulate sudden shortages of food resources and counteract price hikes during unforeseen incidents  and rely on same  agri-food supply chain within a specific area of concern.

          The region also participated in and facilitated the participation of private entrepreneurs in international fairs promoting local products like pili, queen pineapple, and cocoa or tablea.

 

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

           The Project “Lowland Irrigated Good Practice Options for Disaster  Risk Reduction/Climate Change Adaptation in Bicol (GPOs for Rice Farming)  was conducted to identify and evaluate good practice optionsin  lowland irrigated and agro-ecological zones in  Albay, Camarines Sur and Sorsogon provinces. Twenty (20) good practice adaptation options  were field tested .  Using FAOs  Livelihood Adaptation  for climate change criteria , five (5) potential good practice  were extracted, prioritized and evaluated against hazards and vulnerabilities identified in the selected pilot sites. Parameters  set were crop yield, period of maturation, and acceptability  to farmers.    The adaptation options tested were: use of stress tolerant  and early maturing   rice varieties, timing of planting  and rice  rationing, and the integration of ducks in rice farm systems. 

          The study found  that  these were more efficient adaptation and risk reduction options  than existing farmers’ practices through  reduction of postharvest losses and increase in yield.  The study concluded that the use of early maturing , salt tolerant and submergence rice  varieties and integration of ducks in rice farming are good adaptation options for DRR/CCA applicable  for lowland irrigated areas against typhoons, saline intrusion and flooding in Bicol.

 

AKBay-  Agrikultura Kaagapay ng Bayang Pinoy program

           AKBay  in Bicol  region covered a total of 440 household recipients per province or a total of 2, 640 individuals. The sum of P27,530,000.00 was released for income generating projects benefitting  2,753 farming and fishing households in 34 municipalities belonging to 4th, 5th, and 6th class.  A total of 2, 589 projects worth P25.9M were financed under the fresh funds while 164 projects worth P1.6M were funded under the roll-over scheme where loan repayments of previously funded projects were used to finance next-in-line  projects.

          The region has accomplished 100 and 96 percent of its 1,254 and 1,386 target projects under the 1st and 2nd  tranche respectively.  It has collected a total of Ps 5,374,201.50 from the six provinces with a repayment rate of 43% higher than the national rate of 35.59%.  Today, the project has provided additional  income to the recipient household and made a difference in the lives  of the poor farming and fishing  households in the region.

 

GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT

             The agency has  been pro-active  in the implementation of GAD in the region.  With a 6.4% increase  in the budget allocation amounting to Ps 46,495,300.00 from the regular and national programs. Thirty six (36)   livelihood skills training were conducted with  1,159 participants 85% of which were women and  32 of them participated in market matching  for their produce. Moreover, 87 women leaders attended entrepreneurial and capability trainings.

For the FFS conducted in the region 3,962 or 47% were for women.

          Ten (10)  farmers’ organizations and RICs  were provided with pili shell craft equipment and 5 RICs  were provided with cassava graters.  Other  equipment provided  for use in the livelihood activities of the women were: banana chipper, ginger extractor and vermin composting facility.

Two rural  women farmer leaders being assisted under GAD actually  practicing and actively advocating organic agriculture gained international and national recognition.  Myrna C. Asor of Bgy.Digdigon, Goa, Camarines Sur was awarded  by FAO Asia- Pacific  Region as one of the  Model Farmers  in ceremonies held in Bangkok, Thailand during the World Food day on October 16, 2013.   AdeliaMagsino  also of Goa, Camarines Sur, was 1st runner was Outstanding Rural Woman for 2013 and  her family who are also into organic agriculture, was  awarded by the Junior Jaycees (JCI) as  one of the Outstanding Farmer of the Philippines (TOFARM) under the outstanding  farm family category  with a cash prize  P100,000.

 

PEST MANAGEMENT  UNDER CHANGING CLIMATE CONDITIONS

            DA Bicol through the  Regional  Crop Protection Center  is  devising   a system  for predicting  pest occurrences  in the agricultural systems, including  the densities of pests, to be able to manage  the cropping system or “agro-systems” to prevent  pest outbreak and reduce economic loss.  In addition, mitigating  and adaptive Integrated Pest management (IPM) measures are likely to be identified not only for rice but also for important crops in the region.

          Presently, Bantay-Peste Brigade composed of 10-15 farmers  is being organized .  Farmer members of this brigade serve as pest scouts in their own farms and act as first in-line data source for pest outbreak reporting.  Only through close monitoring and surveillance can the increase in pest population be  known, and even predicted and subsequently  be addressed

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