WHAT IS "TIPID
ABONO" Fertilization Program:
"BAWAS GASTOS, SAGANANG ANI"?
The "TIPID ABONO" Fertilization Program: "BAWAS
GASTOS, SAGANANG ANI" is a Cost Reduction Strategy through
judicious and minimum fertilization, adopted by the Department
of Agriculture to guide farmers, particularly the hybrid and
certified rice producers, for using the right mixtures of fertilizers
and the timely selection of the most soil-appropriate type and
amounts of fertilizer grades that will ensure optimum crop yields
and better income without causing decline in soil fertility.
BENEFITS ARE DERIVED
FROM THE "TIPID ABONO" FERTILIZATION PROGRAM:
"BAWAS GASTOS, SAGANANG ANI"?
1. Sustain the yields of certified and hybrid seeds (5 to
7 tons per hectare) with reduced number of bags of fertilizers.
Under the "TIPID ABONO" only 3 to 4 bags of chemical
fertilizers, compared to current price which is 6 to 9 bags per
hectare, mixed with 5 bags organic fertilizers are recommended.
2. Reduce the cost of production of rice and corn by as much
as PhP2,200 - 4,130 per hectare (37-46 percent less) or an aggregated
savings of PhP1.1 Billion - 2.27 Billion if the 500,000 hectares
covered by the GMA program.
3. Create opportunity for an annual savings of 2 bags of urea
(one bag of urea per cropping) or based on 500,000 hectare program
rice area under the GMA rice program, an equivalent of potential
annual savings of PhP800 Million worth of saved/unused area through
the use of practical technology of the PhilRice, the Leaf Color
4. Support Small Scale Organic Fertilizer Industry and potential
job generation of about 6,000 persons per one production cycle.
WHAT HAS BEEN
ACHIEVED SO FAR ON RICE PRODUCTION?
The successful expansion of planting or irrigated lands planted
to hybrid and certified seeds resulted in unprecedented increase
in the national rice production exceeding 14.0 Million metric
tons and at the same time increase the average yield of rice
from 3.2 metric tons per hectare to almost 3.6 tons per hectare
per cropping after almost decades of yield stagnation.
WHAT ARE THE
FOLLOW-UP PROGRAM OF ACTIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
TO SUSTAIN HIGH YIELDS AND IMPROVED INCOMES IN RICE PRODUCTION?
The follow-up program of actions by the incumbent Secretary
after increasing rice yield through the use of hybrid and certified
seeds is the reduction of cost of production and the improvement
in the overall production and the improvement in the overall
production efficiency to ensure further increase of farmers'
income and continue the improvement of supply of rice for national
COUNTRY HAS MANY DIFFERENT TYPES OF SOILS.
HOW CAN "TIPID ABONO" FERTILIZATION PROGRAM: "BAWAS
GASTOS, SAGANANG ANI" HELP IN ENSURING THAT THE FARMERS
HAVE ACCESS TO THE RIGHT TYPE AND RIGHT AMOUNTS OF FERTILIZERS
FOR THEIR CROPS?
The "Tipid Abono" Fertilization Program: "Bawas
Gastos, Saganang Ani" is likewise aimed at developing a
National Fertilizer Distribution Guide Map which will provide
guidance for fertilizer dealers and suppliers in the distribution
of grades, types and volume of fertilizers appropriate to the
soil conditions and crops planted in each province in the country.
The "Tipid Abono" program will identify for the farmers
and fertilizer suppliers the specific areas that will require
special fertilizer grades:
1. Micro-nutrient deficient soils - zinc and sulfur for rice,
boron, in corn;
2. Acidic soils, which will require more lime application to
supply magnesium and improve the availability of phosphorus for
corn and other upland field crops;
3. Degraded soil that are low or depleted of organic matter,
which will have special requirement for compost or animal manures
or commercial organic fertilizers
ARE RECOMMENDED BY THE "TIPID ABONO" FERTILIZATION
PROGRAM: "BAWAS GASTOS, SAGANANG ANI"?
- The Tipid Abono Bawas Gastos, Saganang Ani Fertilization
Program advocates for the judicious use of fertilizers.
- The Fertilization Program recommends the combined use of
organic and inorganic fertilizers. However, in areas where organic
fertilizers are costly and are not available another set of recommendations
are provided, this time with no organic fertilizers.
Based from the results of the Balanced Fertilization Strategy,
the use of organic fertilizers showed that there is an increase
in the efficiency of fertilization and the uptake of plant nutrients.
Correspondingly, the increase in yields for both wet and dry
seasons were sustained.
These results were corroborated by the plant tissue
analysis, which showed that rice and corn plants that have organic
fertilizers combined with the inorganic has higher rates of nutrient
uptake by the plant and have higher yields than those obtained
by the best farmers in the areas not using organic fertilizers.
WHAT ARE THE
IMMEDIATE IMPACTS OF HIGH FERTILIZER PRICES?
The past months are marked by the continuing and spiraling
cost of various fertilizers especially that of urea, the most
commonly used fertilizers by the rice and corn farmers in the
country. The cost of a 50 kg bag urea fertilizer increased from
PhP900.00 from PhP550.00 per bag. The magnitude in the increased
cost of fertilizers is affected by their proximity of the farming
areas to the location of the fertilizer supplies and to the location
of loading points of fertilizers.
Affect the cash needs of the farmers
The high fertilizer cost will definitely increase the immediate
cash needs of the rice and corn farmers in starting off their
Wrong choice of fertilizers causing losses
in crop yields and income
Most likely, the farmers will reduce their fertilizers and buy
only fertilziers they are very familiar with, this time most
likely urea, which is very expensive. This can result in reduction
in yield and a subsequent loss in income
Source: BSWM Tipid Abono Fertilization Program primer
by the Soils Laboratory:
1. Regional Soils Laboratory, Del Rosario
" Soil testing
" Soil characterization
" Water analysis
" Fertilizer and plant tissue analysis
2. Albay Provincial Soils Laboratory, Cabangan,
" Soil testing
" CFA production
" Mushroom spawn production
For soil testing services contact the nearest Municipal Agriculture
Office in your area.